Explaining the different DNS records for domain name

September 12, 2017     0 comments

The Advanced Zone Editor is a powerful feature in cPanel that allows you to control individual DNS records. It is commonly used to:

  • Point your website to another webserver.  
  • Point your email to another provider. 
  • Create your own Nameservers. 

If your domain name is pointing to our nameservers, you can modify the advanced DNS settings in your cPanel. In this article we will explain the different types of DNS records:

  • A Records: An A Record allows you to point the website of a domain name towards a specific IP address, enabling you to host the website on a specified web server.
  • CNAME Records: Canonical Name records (CNAME for short), allow you to set up aliases of your domain name to point towards an A record. This could be on your main domain name, or on a separate domain name. Note that you cannot point a CNAME record towards an IP address.

  • MX Records: Mail exchange (MX) records allow you to point your email towards different mail servers. Adding multiple MX records allows you to send email to an alternate mail server if your primary server fails.
  • SRV Records: Service (SRV) records are a way of defining a server, or group of servers that are responsible for a specific service.
  • SPF Records: Sender Policy Framework (SPF) records are a way of defining which servers can send email for a domain in order to prevent spam. However, these now require to be added with a TXT record, see below.
  • TXT Records: Text (TXT) records can be added to a domain name to show information to anyone performing a DNS look up on your domain. In recent times they have also been used to store data to be used by other protocols, such as SPF records.
  • AAAA Records: AAAA records work in the same way as A records. However, rather than pointing a website towards an IPv4 IP address (213.171.111.2 for example) they will point a website towards an IPv6 address (such as : c32:2214:ff2a)
  • Glue Records: These records are used if you are creating your own nameservers. By creating glue records you will be registering these new nameservers with the global registries.


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